Differing Approaches to Employee Relations at the
Collective and Individual Level
relationships between employees and
employers grows more complex and more critical every year
. You need
a strong relationship between employers and employees to navigate the human
resource minefields of sexual harassment, employee threats of violence, equal
employment opportunity, executive compensation, plant closing and
relocations, and downsizing and workforce restructuring.
employees have a relationship with their employer/s, and the success of this
relationship influences the success of the company.
Individual relations refers to two of the main types of relationship between
the two parties.
What is individual Bargaining?
Individual bargaining is the process by which an
employer and an employee negotiate an individual contract of employment,
regulating the terms and conditions of employment.
Individual Bargaining: Advantages
main advantage of individual bargaining is it is a single voice and thus
there is no conflict in matters
advantage of individual bargaining is that it expresses the views and
opinions of one person and thus there is no compromising
main disadvantage of individual bargaining is that the manager will not
take a lot of notice of just one personís views or opinions and
therefore nothing will happen
there is not a lot of chance that individual bargaining will have an
influence on company decisions and policies.
What is Collective Bargaining?
is one way of minimising conflict in the workplace.
involves determining conditions of work and terms of employment through
negotiations between employers and employee representatives, such as trade
bodies represent the views of all their members and try to negotiate in
Collective Bargaining: Advantages
main advantage of collective bargaining is that the manager will not take
a great deal of time in deciding on what action to take on an individual
The employees have
greater influence in the final decision the manager will take.
is also a chance of the employees getting what they demand.
Collective Bargaining: Disadvantages
main disadvantage of collective bargaining is that it is seen as depriving
the individual worker of their individual liberty and voice.
Full Time work Versus Part time work
employees are generally considered to be those scheduled to work 40 hours per
week. However, employers have discretion in setting such hours.
Full time - Advantages
employees are the most likely to develop company loyalty, and to feel a
sense of ownership in the business.
results in a committed, hardworking workforce, willing to go through any
tough times the business may encounter.
also tend to hold only one job, giving you more control over their time
and efforts. For many employers, full-time employees provide a sense of
security that someone could manage things in their absence
Full time -
some employers, the advantages of full-time employees are outweighed by
the burdens involved in hiring and maintaining such a staff. If you choose
to hire full-time employees, you will face the burden of payroll taxes.
addition, in order to attract and maintain strong employees, you may be
required to offer such benefits as health insurance and paid vacation.
Part time work
The Internal Revenue Code defines part-time employees as
those who work 1,000 hours or less in any 12-month period.
Part time - Advantages
employees can be an excellent staffing option for small or young
businesses, due to the potential for flexibility and the relatively low
workers necessarily work fewer hours, so will cost less in wages.
employers may vary the number of hours a part time employee works based on
the amount of work available.
addition, part-time employees typically do not qualify for
Part time -
employees often hold more than one job, meaning possible competition for
time and loyalty.
part time employees often leave if offered full-time employment by one of
their other part-time employers, possibly creating a turnover problem.